IDENTIFYING AND ASSESSING ALL POTENTIAL EL STUDENTS
There are two ways to identify potentially eligible students for ESOL services – HLS and teacher referral. Both are described in this section, below. Home Language Survey (HLS)
- identify the Primary Home Language Other than English (PHLOTE) of all students,
- use a Home Language Survey (Sample in appendix),
- ask questions that have to do solely with home languages of the individual students.
- Which languages the child learned to speak first;
- Which languages the child currently speaks; or
- Which languages are spoken in the home;
Occasionally, the HLS may indicate a student is English speaking only and no referral is made for initial program placement assessment. However, occasionally, some students may need to be identified as potentially eligible for ESOL services (e.g., Native American students). In these few cases, the student’s classroom teacher may complete a referral form that highlights and provides evidence (classroom work, work samples scored with appropriate rubric) of the student’s linguistic needs. ESOL staff review the referral and may make a determination to have the student assessed for initial placement. In these cases, a notation on HLS explaining the reason(s) the student is screened for placement in an ESOL program is good practice and always helpful.